With the pressure to get something working and the general confusion as to how to achieve the high generality we all aspired to, we punted and defined the first set of protocols to include only Telnet and FTP functions.
Network Control Protocol (NCP) was the first standard networking protocol on the ARPANET. NCP was finalized and deployed in December 1970 by the Network Working Group (NWG), led by Steve Crocker, also the inventor of the Request For Comments.
standardized the ARPANET network interface, making it easier to establish, and
enabling more and more DARPA sites to join the network. In
October 1971, every site on the ARPANET logged into every other site (with one
exception) over NCP at a meeting at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
the end of 1971 there were fifteen sites using NCP on the young Internet:
- Bolt Baranek and Newman
Western Reserve University
Institute of Technology
of California at Los Angeles
of California of Santa Barbara
of Illinois at Urbana
RFC’s. Requests For Comments describing NCP are listed below:
- RFC 33; Crocker, S.; Carr, S.; Cerf, V.; New HOST-HOST Protocol; 12 Feb 1973.
- RFC 36; Crocker, S.; Protocol Notes; 16 Mar 1970
78; Harslem, E.; Heafner, J.;
White, J.; NCP Status Report: UCSB/RAND;