Tribal Lands

America’s digital divide can be felt in some way across nearly every part of the country. While dense urban areas have more access, pricing can be a barrier in low income districts. In rural communities, there are often only one or two providers to choose from. These are serious obstacles to adoption for all Americans, but perhaps none are more affected than people living on tribal lands.

Key Findings

  • 82% of the 14.2 million residents in tribal zip codes have access to a wired broadband connection, compared to 94% of non-tribal zip codes.
  • Only 33% of these residents have access to a low-price wired broadband plan under $60 per month, compared to 51% of non-tribal residents.
  • Louisiana has the least amount of tribal wired broadband availability in the country, coming in at 39%.

Tribal Wired Broadband Access Across the U.S.

Using the interactive map below, you can compare rates of wired broadband access in tribal lands to those in non-tribal zip codes. You can also compare access to low-priced wired broadband, which is any standalone internet connection costing $60 or less per month. Click the arrows in the bottom right corner to enter fullscreen:

Tribes in America

Our list includes 552 Tribal communities, including Reservations, Bands, Villages, and Colonies. Many of these have long been poorly served by telecommunications services - some of them have never even had a reliable cellular connection. You can search for data on each tribe using the tool below:

TribeStatePopulation% Access to Wired Broadband% Access to Low Priced Wired Broadband
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 258,30580%54%
Agdaagux Tribe of King Cove*Alaska 9380%0%
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California*California 133,22196%11%
Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 51,61289%0%
Akiachak Native CommunityAlaska 6270%0%
Akiak Native CommunityAlaska 3460%0%
Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of TexasTexas 32,58355%1%
Alatna Village*Alaska 2080%0%
Algaaciq Native Village (St. Mary's)*Alaska 6160%0%
Allakaket Village*Alaska 2080%0%
Alturas Indian Rancheria, California*California 5,4900%0%
Angoon Community AssociationAlaska 47995%0%
Anvik VillageAlaska 850%0%
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 288,21376%38%
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma*Texas 52,30770%43%
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming*Wyoming 45,28566%2%
Arctic Village (See Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government)*Alaska 1,3160%0%
Aroostook Band of MicmacsMaine 22,78897%5%
Asa'carsarmiut TribeAlaska 8130%0%
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana*Montana 21,46879%0%
Atqasuk Village (Atkasook)Alaska 2370%0%
Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California*California 60,88471%33%
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, WisconsinWisconsin 15,60371%0%
Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan*Michigan 23,94488%3%
Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California*California 15,39696%94%
Beaver VillageAlaska 840%0%
Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California*California 32,08485%0%
Big Lagoon Rancheria, California*California 2,57992%92%
Big Pine Paiute Tribe of the Owens ValleyCalifornia 1,76393%93%
Big Sandy Rancheria of Western Mono Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 3,862100%0%
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California*California 11,25696%0%
Birch Creek Tribe*Alaska 1440%0%
Bishop Paiute Tribe*California 13,85794%94%
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of MontanaMontana 15,47023%0%
Blue Lake Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 21,93297%97%
Bridgeport Indian ColonyCalifornia 6700%0%
Burns Paiute TribeOregon 6,47129%0%
Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California*California 161,08481%62%
Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 7,71892%0%
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 94,66673%38%
Cahto Tribe*California 2,5560%0%
Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California*California 8,54466%0%
Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California*California 6,97365%17%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: (Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, Ca*California 95,72092%80%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California*California 76,69593%83%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California*California 19,02589%68%
Catawba Indian Nation (aka Catawba Tribe of South Carolina)South Carolina 52,36596%21%
Cedarville Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 7480%0%
Celilo*Oregon 19,83895%0%
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes*Alaska 29,16499%0%
Chalkyitsik Village*Alaska 5850%0%
Cheesh-Na Tribe*Alaska 60574%0%
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California*California 5,3210%0%
Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California*California 20,01197%97%
Cherokee Nation*Arkansas 99,60590%34%
Cherokee Nation*Kansas 19,65471%0%
Cherokee Nation*Missouri 7,70787%0%
Cherokee Nation*Oklahoma 707,00678%53%
Chevak Native VillageAlaska 9380%0%
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 283,52473%53%
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma*Texas 11,98328%0%
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota*South Dakota 36,60891%54%
Chickaloon Native VillageAlaska 1,44480%0%
Chickasaw Nation*Oklahoma 494,84071%62%
Chickasaw Nation*Texas 93,78578%72%
Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 9,80650%3%
Chignik Bay Tribal CouncilAlaska 910%0%
Chignik Lake VillageAlaska 730%0%
Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)*Alaska 2,60293%0%
Chilkoot Indian Association (Haines)Alaska 4420%0%
Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin)*Alaska 3300%0%
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana*Montana 17,72297%0%
Chitimacha Tribe of LouisianaLouisiana 12,58379%17%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma*Arkansas 91,75582%55%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 301,22342%29%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma*Texas 24,88950%38%
Chuloonawick Native Village*Alaska 5770%0%
Circle Native Community*Alaska 1440%0%
Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 258,30580%54%
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona*Arizona 143,37693%0%
Coeur D'Alene TribeIdaho 38,13657%0%
Coeur D'Alene TribeWashington 3,3160%0%
Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 2,60498%0%
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and CaliforniaArizona 15,47165%46%
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and CaliforniaCalifornia 25,97560%60%
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 288,21376%38%
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma*Texas 52,30770%43%
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead ReservationMontana 63,36866%0%
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama NationWashington 137,89867%1%
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of OregonOregon 64,21595%3%
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis ReservationWashington 39,51092%0%
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation*Washington 55,82970%24%
Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians*Oregon 58,27496%56%
Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and UtahUtah 1,70478%78%
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of OregonOregon 5,03271%29%
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian ReservationOregon 26,89286%63%
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon*Oregon 60,67182%19%
Coquille Indian Tribe*Oregon 53,25593%70%
Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 5,9920%0%
Coushatta Tribe of LouisianaLouisiana 13,71355%52%
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of IndiansOregon 74,19494%81%
Coyote Valley Reservation*California 6,03280%0%
Craig Tribal Association*Alaska 1,9200%0%
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota*South Dakota 29,87494%54%
Crow Tribe of Montana*Montana 57,78880%0%
Crow Tribe of Montana*Wyoming 29,51986%28%
Curyung Tribal Council*Alaska 2,6030%0%
Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone TribeCalifornia 4450%0%
Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone TribeNevada 1,31752%0%
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 94,66673%38%
Douglas Indian Association*Alaska 29,16499%0%
Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, CaliforniaCalifornia 2,01447%0%
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, NevadaNevada 1580%0%
Eastern Band of Cherokee IndiansNorth Carolina 60,26357%12%
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma*Missouri 5,99787%0%
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 21,66394%83%
Egegik VillageAlaska 1090%0%
Eklutna Native VillageAlaska 9,21198%0%
Ekwok Village*Alaska 2,6030%0%
Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 19,33297%0%
Elk Valley Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 24,52899%0%
Ely Shoshone Tribe of NevadaNevada 7,6060%0%
Emmonak Village*Alaska 7620%0%
Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California*California 30,64389%0%
Evansville Village (aka Bettles Field)Alaska 300%0%
Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California*California 17,40389%68%
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South DakotaSouth Dakota 3,44871%68%
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin*Wisconsin 57,83391%51%
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana*Montana 9,59995%0%
Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of CaliforniaCalifornia 2140%0%
Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, CaliforniaCalifornia 71978%78%
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon*Nevada 16,2070%0%
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon*Oregon 57345%0%
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona*Arizona 63,31495%0%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada*Arizona 56,25590%88%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada*California 5,3210%0%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada*Nevada 7,54699%96%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma*New Mexico 23,22268%0%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 288,21376%38%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma*Texas 52,30770%43%
Galena Village (aka Louden Village)Alaska 4700%0%
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 585,78889%0%
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, MichiganMichigan 24,08285%0%
Greenville RancheriaCalifornia 1,8990%0%
Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 6040%0%
Guidiville Rancheria of California*California 31,80890%0%
Gulkana Village*Alaska 60574%0%
Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California*California 2,55773%0%
Hannahville Indian Community, MichiganMichigan 6,26558%10%
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 3,1140%0%
Healy Lake Village*Alaska 5,0113%0%
Ho-Chunk Nation of WisconsinMinnesota 9,46793%90%
Ho-Chunk Nation of WisconsinWisconsin 201,82979%18%
Hoh Indian Tribe*Washington 6,26144%0%
Holy Cross Village*Alaska 7260%0%
Hoonah Indian AssociationAlaska 7770%0%
Hoopa Valley Tribe, California*California 5,8430%0%
Hopi Tribe of Arizona*Arizona 65,32013%13%
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, CaliforniaCalifornia 1,5070%0%
Houlton Band of Maliseet IndiansMaine 10,78788%28%
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 33,27769%60%
Hughes VillageAlaska 780%0%
Huslia Village*Alaska 2770%0%
Hydaburg Cooperative Association*Alaska 1,9200%0%
Igiugig Village*Alaska 4340%0%
Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California*California 3,44057%9%
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska*Kansas 5,24478%71%
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska*Nebraska 5,466100%0%
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 51,84052%26%
Iqurmuit Traditional Council*Alaska 3290%0%
Ivanoff Bay VillageAlaska 70%0%
Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 7,16474%0%
Jamestown S'Klallam TribeWashington 26,85692%0%
Jamul Indian Village of California*California 8,62484%7%
Jena Band of Choctaw IndiansLouisiana 14,22214%14%
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico*Colorado 11,44648%0%
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico*New Mexico 13,35032%0%
Kaguyak Village*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, ArizonaArizona 2,21066%30%
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, ArizonaUtah 5,55688%53%
Kaktovik Village (aka Barter Island)*Alaska 1,3160%0%
Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation*Washington 26,58387%0%
Karuk Tribe*California 14,50315%0%
Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 4010%0%
Kasigluk Traditional Elders Council*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma*Kansas 18,39591%0%
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 46,69384%62%
Kenaitze Indian Tribe*Alaska 15,12261%0%
Ketchikan Indian Corporation*Alaska 13,50899%0%
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico*New Mexico 55,43679%0%
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan*Michigan 45,30289%3%
Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of TexasTexas 53,04098%0%
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas*Kansas 15,35373%47%
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas*Oklahoma 82,39872%64%
King Island Native Community*Alaska 4,0380%0%
King Salmon Tribe*Alaska 4340%0%
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 288,21376%38%
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma*Texas 52,30770%43%
Klamath TribesOregon 26,84981%0%
Klawock Cooperative Association*Alaska 1,9200%0%
Knik TribeAlaska 3,70375%0%
Kokhanok Village*Alaska 4690%0%
Kootenai Tribe of IdahoIdaho 10,89827%0%
Koyukuk Native Village*Alaska 2770%0%
La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California*California 22,99982%55%
La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California*California 6,97365%17%
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin*Wisconsin 29,09565%0%
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of WisconsinWisconsin 18,94668%0%
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, MichiganMichigan 1,40140%0%
Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, NevadaNevada 152,67893%0%
Levelock Village*Alaska 4340%0%
Lime Village*Alaska 7260%0%
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, MichiganMichigan 21,30972%1%
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, MichiganMichigan 39,80888%38%
Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone TribeCalifornia 2,08274%74%
Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California*California 5,8320%0%
Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, NevadaNevada 5,1500%0%
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota*South Dakota 27,71594%58%
Lower Elwha Tribal Community*Washington 14,75573%0%
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of MinnesotaMinnesota 9,32584%0%
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation*Washington 63,59696%0%
Lytton Rancheria of CaliforniaCalifornia 112,06899%84%
Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation*Washington 3,19715%0%
Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 1,76259%59%
Manley Hot Springs Village*Alaska 1190%0%
Manokotak Village*Alaska 2,6030%0%
Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California*California 3,34648%2%
Mashantucket Pequot Indian TribeConnecticut 13,022100%6%
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of MichiganMichigan 15,56385%5%
McGrath Native Village*Alaska 4060%0%
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin*Wisconsin 52,18461%25%
Mentasta Traditional Council*Alaska 60574%0%
Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California*California 36,65990%79%
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New MexicoNew Mexico 30,43278%0%
Metlakatla Indian Community, Annette Island ReserveAlaska 1,4600%0%
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma*Kansas 7,51973%58%
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 22,80590%87%
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians*Florida 117,40189%11%
Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 3,41373%0%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake))*Minnesota 7,09833%14%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Fond du Lac Band)*Minnesota 30,39177%4%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Fond du Lac Band)*Wisconsin 9,63051%8%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Grand Portage Band)Minnesota 83797%0%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Leech Lake Band)*Minnesota 61,81394%74%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Mille Lacs Band)*Minnesota 44,63758%34%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Six component reservations: Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake); Fond du Lac Band; Grand Portage Band; Leech Lake Band; Mille Lacs Band; White Earth Band)*Minnesota 55,78093%27%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (White Earth Band)*Minnesota 34,37787%0%
Mississippi Band of Choctaw IndiansMississippi 148,48287%61%
Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, NevadaNevada 5,12191%0%
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma*Missouri 5,99787%0%
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 3,53796%29%
Mohegan Indian Tribe of ConnecticutConnecticut 49,48899%24%
Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California*California 30,64389%0%
Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California*California 35,42791%88%
Muckleshoot Indian TribeWashington 202,80699%0%
Naknek Native Village*Alaska 4340%0%
Narragansett Indian TribeRhode Island 8,55399%97%
Native Village of Afognak*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Native Village of Akhiok*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Native Village of AkutanAlaska 1,0270%0%
Native Village of AleknagikAlaska 2210%0%
Native Village of AmblerAlaska 2590%0%
Native Village of AtkaAlaska 610%0%
Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional GovernmentAlaska 4,2130%0%
Native Village of Belkofski*Alaska 9380%0%
Native Village of Brevig Mission*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of BucklandAlaska 4160%0%
Native Village of CantwellAlaska 23114%0%
Native Village of Chenega (aka Chanega)*Alaska 2,34891%0%
Native Village of Chignik LagoonAlaska 780%0%
Native Village of ChitinaAlaska 19229%0%
Native Village of Chuathbaluk (Russian Mission, Kuskokwim)*Alaska 7260%0%
Native Village of Council*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of DeeringAlaska 1220%0%
Native Village of Diomede (aka Inalik)*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of EagleAlaska 1870%0%
Native Village of Eek*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Ekuk*Alaska 640%0%
Native Village of Elim*Alaska 3300%0%
Native Village of Eyak (Cordova)*Alaska 2,34891%0%
Native Village of False PassAlaska 350%0%
Native Village of Fort Yukon*Alaska 5850%0%
Native Village of Gakona*Alaska 60574%0%
Native Village of GambellAlaska 6810%0%
Native Village of Georgetown*Alaska 14,563100%0%
Native Village of Goodnews BayAlaska 2430%0%
Native Village of Hamilton*Alaska 5770%0%
Native Village of Hooper BayAlaska 1,0930%0%
Native Village of Karluk*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Native Village of KianaAlaska 3630%0%
Native Village of Kipnuk*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of KivalinaAlaska 3740%0%
Native Village of Kluti Kaah (aka Copper Center)*Alaska 1,11583%0%
Native Village of KobukAlaska 1510%0%
Native Village of Kongiganak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Kotzebue*Alaska 3,5530%0%
Native Village of KoyukAlaska 3320%0%
Native Village of Kwigillingok*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Kwinhagak (aka Quinhagak)*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Larsen Bay*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Native Village of Marshall (aka Fortuna Ledge)Alaska 4170%0%
Native Village of Mary's Igloo*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of MekoryukAlaska 1910%0%
Native Village of Minto*Alaska 1190%0%
Native Village of Nanwalek (aka English Bay)*Alaska 9,84052%0%
Native Village of Napaimute*Alaska 7260%0%
Native Village of Napakiak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Napaskiak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Nelson LagoonAlaska 1600%0%
Native Village of NightmuteAlaska 2800%0%
Native Village of NikolskiAlaska 180%0%
Native Village of Noatak*Alaska 3,5530%0%
Native Village of Nuiqsut (aka Nooiksut)Alaska 3530%0%
Native Village of Nunam IquaAlaska 1890%0%
Native Village of Nunapitchuk*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Ouzinkie*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Native Village of Paimiut*Alaska 4800%0%
Native Village of PerryvilleAlaska 1130%0%
Native Village of Pilot Point*Alaska 800%0%
Native Village of Pitka's Point*Alaska 6160%0%
Native Village of Point HopeAlaska 6780%0%
Native Village of Point LayAlaska 1890%0%
Native Village of Port Graham*Alaska 9,84052%0%
Native Village of Port HeidenAlaska 1020%0%
Native Village of Port LionsAlaska 1970%0%
Native Village of RubyAlaska 1750%0%
Native Village of Saint MichaelAlaska 4010%0%
Native Village of SavoongaAlaska 6710%0%
Native Village of Scammon Bay*Alaska 4800%0%
Native Village of SelawikAlaska 8410%0%
Native Village of ShaktoolikAlaska 2510%0%
Native Village of ShishmarefAlaska 5670%0%
Native Village of ShungnakAlaska 2620%0%
Native Village of StevensAlaska 780%0%
Native Village of Tanacross*Alaska 5,0113%0%
Native Village of Tanana*Alaska 1190%0%
Native Village of Tatitlek*Alaska 2,34891%0%
Native Village of Tazlina*Alaska 1,11583%0%
Native Village of Teller*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of TetlinAlaska 1,5355%0%
Native Village of Tuntutuliak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Native Village of Tununak*Alaska 5900%0%
Native Village of TyonekAlaska 3730%0%
Native Village of UnalakleetAlaska 6880%0%
Native Village of Unga*Alaska 9780%0%
Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government (Arctic Village and Village of Venetie)Alaska 1670%0%
Native Village of Wales*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Native Village of White Mountain*Alaska 3300%0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah*Arizona 214,40444%43%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah*Colorado 2,83332%0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah*New Mexico 269,57062%0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah*Utah 9,58825%25%
Nenana Native AssociationAlaska 7850%0%
New Koliganek Village Council*Alaska 2,6030%0%
New Stuyahok Village*Alaska 2,6030%0%
Newhalen Village*Alaska 4690%0%
Newtok Village*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Nez Perce TribeIdaho 66,60055%50%
Nikolai Village*Alaska 4060%0%
Ninilchik VillageAlaska 1,1310%0%
Nisqually Indian TribeWashington 43,07497%1%
Nome Eskimo Community*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Nondalton Village*Alaska 4690%0%
Nooksack Indian Tribe*Washington 72,20193%0%
Noorvik Native Community*Alaska 3,5530%0%
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana*Montana 11,05056%0%
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana*South Dakota 9,37792%91%
Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 3,17196%0%
Northway VillageAlaska 2900%0%
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni NationUtah 77451%0%
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, MichiganMichigan 25,38790%47%
Nulato Village*Alaska 2770%0%
Nunakauyarmiut Tribe*Alaska 5900%0%
Oglala Sioux Tribe*Nebraska 11,94778%10%
Oglala Sioux Tribe*South Dakota 26,39667%0%
Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico*New Mexico 27,11265%0%
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska*Iowa 6,13176%75%
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska*Nebraska 11,62356%10%
Oneida Nation of New YorkNew York 14,12599%0%
Oneida Tribe of Indians of WisconsinWisconsin 179,43297%68%
Onondaga NationNew York 31,84898%27%
Organized Village of Grayling (aka Holikachuk)Alaska 1940%0%
Organized Village of KakeAlaska 5610%0%
Organized Village of Kasaan*Alaska 1,9200%0%
Organized Village of KwethlukAlaska 7230%0%
Organized Village of Saxman*Alaska 13,50899%0%
Orutsararmuit Native Village (aka Bethel)*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Oscarville Traditional Village*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 14,90446%37%
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 24,76394%84%
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes)Utah 72,15285%19%
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada*Nevada 44,39895%40%
Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, California*California 69,39389%72%
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona*Arizona 60,04594%0%
Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 31,59075%2%
Passamaquoddy Tribe*Maine 13,17676%0%
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine (Indian Township)*Maine 4,63184%3%
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine (Pleasant Point)Maine 2,96998%0%
Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California*California 2,71760%22%
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 68,30947%18%
Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California*California 74,11091%90%
Pedro Bay VillageAlaska 1740%0%
Penobscot Nation*Maine 40,66688%0%
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma*Missouri 5,99787%0%
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 27,43189%80%
Petersburg Indian AssociationAlaska 3,20297%0%
Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 11,6612%0%
Pilot Station Traditional VillageAlaska 5680%0%
Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California*California 31,80890%0%
Pit River Tribe, California (includes XL Ranch, Big Bend, Likely, Lookout, Montgomery Creek and Roaring Creek Rancherias)*California 11,62333%0%
Platinum Traditional Village*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Poarch Band of CreeksAlabama 93,94791%52%
Poarch Band of CreeksFlorida 3,1220%0%
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and IndianaMichigan 27,11489%39%
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 49,83881%65%
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska*Iowa 3,78586%0%
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska*Nebraska 29,46295%0%
Port Gamble Band of S'Klallam Indians*Washington 9,29796%0%
Portage Creek Village (aka Ohgsenakale)*Alaska 2,6030%0%
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation*Kansas 11,78546%5%
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of MinnesotaMinnesota 31,30293%11%
Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico*New Mexico 25,24022%0%
Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico*New Mexico 51,18284%0%
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico*New Mexico 205,86089%0%
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico*New Mexico 10,03635%0%
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico*New Mexico 147,43278%0%
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico*New Mexico 34,37466%0%
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico*New Mexico 9,70857%0%
Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico*New Mexico 30,80368%0%
Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico*New Mexico 26,94868%3%
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico*New Mexico 48,75379%0%
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico*New Mexico 155,66698%24%
Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico*New Mexico 57,58989%63%
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico*New Mexico 35,39467%0%
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico*New Mexico 28,10868%0%
Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico*New Mexico 27,72784%0%
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico*New Mexico 13,34882%6%
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup ReservationWashington 203,31399%41%
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada*Nevada 48,71394%43%
Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point Village*Alaska 9780%0%
Qawalangin Tribe of UnalaskaAlaska 4,2240%0%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians*Kansas 11,42891%38%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians*Missouri 43,51892%71%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians*Oklahoma 23,92588%88%
Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California*California 13,02717%0%
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona*Arizona 121,46297%0%
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona*California 3,20328%0%
Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation*Washington 6,72141%0%
Quinault Indian Nation*Washington 9,22641%0%
Ramona Band of Cahuilla, California*California 6,39570%0%
Rampart VillageAlaska 240%0%
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of WisconsinWisconsin 2,47885%0%
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota*Minnesota 47,43286%74%
Redding Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 56,70682%0%
Redwood Valley or Little River Band of Pomo Indians of the Redwood Valley Rancheria California*California 7,79963%0%
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada*California 16031%0%
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada*Nevada 245,86698%66%
Resighini Rancheria, California*California 1,3730%0%
Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation, California*California 21,53687%59%
Robinson Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California*California 16,48692%0%
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota*Nebraska 4,34570%0%
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota*South Dakota 24,94778%0%
Round Valley Indian Tribes, Round Valley Reservation, California*California 6,0310%0%
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska*Kansas 5,47376%71%
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska*Nebraska 5,809100%0%
Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma*Oklahoma 110,72175%68%
Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in IowaIowa 8,47480%0%
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of MichiganMichigan 103,09678%3%
Saint George Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands)Alaska 1020%0%
Saint Paul Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands)Alaska 4790%0%
Saint Regis Mohawk TribeNew York 22,71098%30%
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 337,46390%0%
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 42,63439%39%
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, CaliforniaCalifornia 113,194100%75%
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California*California 72,91892%79%
Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California*California 6,39570%0%
Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 102,67691%51%
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, CaliforniaCalifornia 5,25566%0%
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska*Nebraska 6,39158%0%
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska*South Dakota 3,41671%1%
Sauk-Suiattle Indian TribeWashington 2,1290%0%
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan*Michigan 99,96288%5%
Seldovia Village Tribe*Alaska 9,84052%0%
Seminole Tribe of Florida*Florida 394,24696%61%
Seneca Nation of IndiansNew York 55,45288%18%
Seneca Nation of IndiansPennsylvania 21,52392%90%
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma*Missouri 11,87685%0%
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 28,30794%86%
Shageluk Native VillageAlaska 830%0%
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of MinnesotaMinnesota 70,22798%0%
Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of CaliforniaCalifornia 13,26482%4%
Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), CaliforniaCalifornia 65,84080%38%
Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian ReservationWashington 1,792100%0%
Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming*Wyoming 45,28566%2%
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall ReservationIdaho 121,41587%86%
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, NevadaIdaho 7620%0%
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, NevadaNevada 1,0260%0%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South DakotaMinnesota 2,90573%19%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South DakotaNorth Dakota 3,227100%85%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South DakotaSouth Dakota 41,42187%56%
Sitka Tribe of AlaskaAlaska 8,88098%0%
Skagway Village*Alaska 2,60293%0%
Skokomish Indian Tribe*Washington 38,39496%0%
Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of UtahUtah 10,36991%8%
Smith River Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 1,930100%0%
Snoqualmie Indian TribeWashington 12,69996%0%
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, CaliforniaCalifornia 74,97096%88%
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin*Wisconsin 4,14161%12%
South Naknek Village*Alaska 4340%0%
Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado*Colorado 68,81961%0%
Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado*New Mexico 22,54378%0%
Spirit Lake Tribe, North DakotaNorth Dakota 17,58075%54%
Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation*Washington 29,90691%16%
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation*Washington 36,63095%0%
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin*Minnesota 4,94051%44%
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin*Wisconsin 26,66461%25%
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota*North Dakota 30,28096%69%
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota*South Dakota 9,69886%42%
Stebbins Community AssociationAlaska 5560%0%
Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington*Washington 88,98686%16%
Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin*Wisconsin 4,49919%0%
Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada*Nevada 16,1140%0%
Sun'aq Tribe of Kodiak*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation*Washington 43,18997%0%
Susanville Indian Rancheria, CaliforniaCalifornia 26,34750%0%
Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of WashingtonWashington 53,28095%6%
Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation*California 68,62594%64%
Table Mountain Rancheria of CaliforniaCalifornia 30,32493%65%
Takotna Village*Alaska 4060%0%
Tangirnaq Native Village*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Telida VillageAlaska 170%0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Battle Mountain Band)Nevada 5,3580%0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Elko Band)Nevada 23,2980%0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (South Fork Band)*Nevada 15,3690%0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Wells Band)*Nevada 1,8220%0%
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation*Oklahoma 961,90686%49%
The Osage Nation*Kansas 3,91424%0%
The Osage Nation*Oklahoma 192,49076%38%
The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 115,13271%67%
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota*North Dakota 19,29797%29%
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona*Arizona 243,43173%0%
Tonawanda Band of SenecaNew York 16,41696%0%
Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma*Oklahoma 34,15487%65%
Tonto Apache Tribe of ArizonaArizona 21,87786%83%
Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California*California 69,83158%50%
Traditional Village of Togiak*Alaska 8910%0%
Tulalip Tribes of Washington*Washington 147,16892%37%
Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, CaliforniaCalifornia 78,80790%24%
Tuluksak Native CommunityAlaska 3730%0%
Tunica-Biloxi Indian TribeLouisiana 15,62616%1%
Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of CaliforniaCalifornia 3,89890%0%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota*Montana 22,47388%0%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota*North Dakota 46,75594%75%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota*South Dakota 53570%0%
Tuscarora NationNew York 69,874100%0%
Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California*California 126,82197%59%
Twin Hills Village*Alaska 8910%0%
Ugashik Village*Alaska 800%0%
Umkumiut Native Village*Alaska 5900%0%
United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of CaliforniaCalifornia 48,58093%83%
Upper Sioux Community, MinnesotaMinnesota 4,16672%0%
Upper Skagit Indian TribeWashington 43,12293%0%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, UtahColorado 3,78761%0%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, UtahUtah 81,99789%7%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, UtahWyoming 14,57987%86%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah*Arizona 3060%0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah*Colorado 23,58057%0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah*New Mexico 59,31972%0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah*Utah 7,32632%32%
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California*California 14,13493%92%
Village of AlakanukAlaska 6770%0%
Village of Anaktuvuk PassAlaska 3240%0%
Village of Aniak*Alaska 7260%0%
Village of Atmautluak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Village of Bill Moore's Slough*Alaska 7620%0%
Village of Chefornak*Alaska 7,6320%0%
Village of Clarks Point*Alaska 640%0%
Village of Crooked Creek*Alaska 14,563100%0%
Village of Dot Lake*Alaska 5,0113%0%
Village of Iliamna*Alaska 4690%0%
Village of Kalskag*Alaska 7260%0%
Village of KaltagAlaska 1900%0%
Village of Kotlik*Alaska 5770%0%
Village of Lower Kalskag*Alaska 7260%0%
Village of Ohogamiut*Alaska 3290%0%
Village of Old Harbor*Alaska 12,89991%0%
Village of Red Devil*Alaska 14,563100%0%
Village of Salamatoff*Alaska 15,12261%0%
Village of Sleetmute*Alaska 14,563100%0%
Village of Solomon*Alaska 4,0380%0%
Village of Stony River*Alaska 14,563100%0%
Village of WainwrightAlaska 5560%0%
Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada*Nevada 33,44968%52%
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)Massachusetts 1,17799%0%
Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches)California 1,0670%0%
Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches)Nevada 94,38794%21%
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona*Arizona 67,98258%57%
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma*Oklahoma 94,66673%38%
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska*Iowa 2,34673%69%
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska*Nebraska 13,03257%0%
Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada*Nevada 16,1140%0%
Wiyot Tribe, California*California 1,73973%69%
Wrangell Cooperative AssociationAlaska 2,33891%0%
Wyandotte Nation*Missouri 5,99787%0%
Wyandotte Nation*Oklahoma 24,76394%84%
Yakutat Tlingit TribeAlaska 6620%0%
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota*Nebraska 1,97080%0%
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota*South Dakota 14,46554%0%
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, ArizonaArizona 20,45483%82%
Yavapai-Prescott Indian TribeArizona 37,70897%97%
Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada*Nevada 7,9310%0%
Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, California*California 6,88531%5%
Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, NevadaNevada 5500%0%
Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of TexasTexas 147,66898%43%
Yupiit of Andreafski*Alaska 6160%0%
Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California*California 5,8820%0%
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico*Arizona 9,4151%0%
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico*New Mexico 16,21827%0%

*Denotes a Tribe that shares at least one zip code with another Tribe. In these cases, 100% of the zip's population and access is attributed to every Tribe present for their calculation.

(1) POPULATION is the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present

(2) % ACCESS TO WIRED BROADBAND is the percent of the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present that have access to Cable, DSL, or Fiber internet of at least 25 mbps download and 3 mbps upload

(3) % ACCESS TO LOW PRICED WIRED BROADBAND is the percent of the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present that have access to a standalone wired broadband plan that is priced at $60 or less per month on the regular monthly rate.

The Tribal Divide

Lack of infrastructure in tribal communities has been an issue since the earliest days of the internet. In 2018, the Government Accountability Office recognized this, stating that over the past decade, the FCC “has done little to promote and support tribes’ access” to crucial telecommunications spectrum.

With no tangible help on the horizon, some communities have been taking matters into their own hands. In early 2020, a group gathered in Pu’uhonua o Waimanalo, a small Native Hawaiian community on the island of O’ahu in Hawaii. Internet connection was so lacking here that parents reportedly had to take their children to a nearby town to use the Wi-Fi at McDonald’s. The group put together a plan, and worked with the Hawaiian government to establish a community broadband network.

Tribal Access & COVID-19

For many tribal residents, access to a reliable broadband connection has been a critical link to America’s healthcare system over the past six months. Government and health official resources and telehealth services have been essential in combating the rampant coronavirus outbreak in the U.S., but with so many in tribal communities unable to access the internet, the growing digital divide has a profound impact on underserved communities.

On February 3rd, the FCC opened a historic 180-day tribal priority window, allowing native nations to apply for the ability to license small sections of spectrum for the first time ever. This spectrum allocation could ostensibly be used to establish community networks in states that allow them, as well as make it easier for residents in these areas to convince private providers to finally serve them.

Additionally, in late July, U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Congresswoman Deb Haaland (D-N.M.) announced a landmark bill that “would affirm Tribal Nations' and Native Hawaiian organizations' ownership of broadband spectrum over their lands to deploy wireless internet services.” This is a tangible step in the right direction, but still, much more remains to be done.

The Path Forward

In order to ensure the deployment of robust broadband across all of America’s tribal lands, the FCC must commit to a sustainable, concerted effort to incentivize service and infrastructure development within them. This was vital before the pandemic, and now, it is absolutely crucial to the continued health and safety of some of our most vulnerable citizens.

In the past, native communities have suffered immense tragedies due to a lack of critical infrastructure and aid. During the 1918 flu, these areas were affected four times more than the general population, according to a 2014 study published in American Indian Quarterly. At least 3,200 native Americans died, including 72 of 80 residents at the Inupiat village of Brevig Mission, Alaska.

To prevent history from repeating itself, we must act quickly to provide crucial communications and telehealth aid to communities who need it the most. This means repealing laws that block municipal networks, establishing a sustainable spectrum licensing system for tribal communities, and promoting nascent technologies like low-Earth orbit broadband in areas where physical infrastructure is impractical.

It is the shared responsibility of all Americans to ensure that the digital divide is closed, and affordable, equitable broadband is available to everyone.

About the Data

Broadband availability and pricing comes from BroadbandNow’s robust coverage and plan dataset that is constantly monitored and updated. Plans considered in this study were active in Q2 and July 2020.

Data is based on broadband availability at the zip code level, summarized to the state. Tribal zip codes were identified based on the Zip Code to Tribal Lands Feature Layer by NCCGeoPlatform from the US EPA Office of Environmental Information. When looking at State and National level stats, as long as a zip code contained at least one Tribe, it was considered Tribal.

When exploring Tribe specific stats, for each tribe we measured the availability of broadband and affordable broadband in every zip that a Tribe was located, even if other Tribes also have a presence in a zip. In these cases where zip codes are shared, the zip code's full population and broadband access data is allocated in its entirety to each tribe with a presence in that zip. Thus the population and the populations with access to broadband and affordable broadband are the aggregated result of all zip codes associated with a given tribe.

We are always looking to improve the granularity and accuracy of our datasets. If you have anything to contribute, please do not hesitate to reach out to us.