82% of Residents in Tribal Zip Codes Have Broadband Internet Access, Compared to 94% of Non-Tribal Residents

82% of Residents in Tribal Zip Codes Have Broadband Internet Access, Compared to 94% of Non-Tribal Residents

Written by March 16, 2021

Searchable data by state on more than 500 tribes

Tribal Lands

America’s digital divide can be felt in some way across nearly every part of the country. While dense urban areas have more access, pricing can be a barrier in low-income districts. In rural communities, there are often only one or two providers to choose from. These are serious obstacles to adoption for all Americans, but perhaps none are more affected than people living on tribal lands.

Key Findings

  • 82% of the 14.2 million residents in tribal zip codes have access to a wired broadband connection, compared to 94% of non-tribal zip codes.
  • Only 33% of these residents have access to a low-price wired broadband plan under $60 per month, compared to 51% of non-tribal residents.
  • Louisiana has the least amount of tribal wired broadband availability in the country, coming in at 39%.

Tribal Wired Broadband Access Across the U.S.

Using the interactive map below, you can compare rates of wired broadband access in tribal lands to those in non-tribal zip codes. You can also compare access to low-priced wired broadband, which is any standalone internet connection costing $60 or less per month. Click the arrows in the bottom right corner to enter fullscreen:

Tribes in America

Our list includes 552 Tribal communities, including Reservations, Bands, Villages, and Colonies. Many of these have long been poorly served by telecommunications services – some of them have never even had a reliable cellular connection. You can search for data on each tribe using the tool below:

Tribe State Population % Access to Wired Broadband % Access to Low Priced Wired Broadband
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 258,305 80% 54%
Agdaagux Tribe of King Cove* Alaska 938 0% 0%
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California* California 133,221 96% 11%
Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 51,612 89% 0%
Akiachak Native Community Alaska 627 0% 0%
Akiak Native Community Alaska 346 0% 0%
Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas Texas 32,583 55% 1%
Alatna Village* Alaska 208 0% 0%
Algaaciq Native Village (St. Mary's)* Alaska 616 0% 0%
Allakaket Village* Alaska 208 0% 0%
Alturas Indian Rancheria, California* California 5,490 0% 0%
Angoon Community Association Alaska 479 95% 0%
Anvik Village Alaska 85 0% 0%
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 288,213 76% 38%
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma* Texas 52,307 70% 43%
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming* Wyoming 45,285 66% 2%
Arctic Village (See Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government)* Alaska 1,316 0% 0%
Aroostook Band of Micmacs Maine 22,788 97% 5%
Asa'carsarmiut Tribe Alaska 813 0% 0%
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana* Montana 21,468 79% 0%
Atqasuk Village (Atkasook) Alaska 237 0% 0%
Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, California* California 60,884 71% 33%
Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation, Wisconsin Wisconsin 15,603 71% 0%
Bay Mills Indian Community, Michigan* Michigan 23,944 88% 3%
Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria, California* California 15,396 96% 94%
Beaver Village Alaska 84 0% 0%
Berry Creek Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California* California 32,084 85% 0%
Big Lagoon Rancheria, California* California 2,579 92% 92%
Big Pine Paiute Tribe of the Owens Valley California 1,763 93% 93%
Big Sandy Rancheria of Western Mono Indians of California California 3,862 100% 0%
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria, California* California 11,256 96% 0%
Birch Creek Tribe* Alaska 144 0% 0%
Bishop Paiute Tribe* California 13,857 94% 94%
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana Montana 15,470 23% 0%
Blue Lake Rancheria, California California 21,932 97% 97%
Bridgeport Indian Colony California 670 0% 0%
Burns Paiute Tribe Oregon 6,471 29% 0%
Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California* California 161,084 81% 62%
Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California California 7,718 92% 0%
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 94,666 73% 38%
Cahto Tribe* California 2,556 0% 0%
Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California* California 8,544 66% 0%
Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California* California 6,973 65% 17%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: (Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, Ca* California 95,720 92% 80%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California* California 76,695 93% 83%
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California* California 19,025 89% 68%
Catawba Indian Nation (aka Catawba Tribe of South Carolina) South Carolina 52,365 96% 21%
Cedarville Rancheria, California California 748 0% 0%
Celilo* Oregon 19,838 95% 0%
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes* Alaska 29,164 99% 0%
Chalkyitsik Village* Alaska 585 0% 0%
Cheesh-Na Tribe* Alaska 605 74% 0%
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation, California* California 5,321 0% 0%
Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, California* California 20,011 97% 97%
Cherokee Nation* Arkansas 99,605 90% 34%
Cherokee Nation* Kansas 19,654 71% 0%
Cherokee Nation* Missouri 7,707 87% 0%
Cherokee Nation* Oklahoma 707,006 78% 53%
Chevak Native Village Alaska 938 0% 0%
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 283,524 73% 53%
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma* Texas 11,983 28% 0%
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota* South Dakota 36,608 91% 54%
Chickaloon Native Village Alaska 1,444 80% 0%
Chickasaw Nation* Oklahoma 494,840 71% 62%
Chickasaw Nation* Texas 93,785 78% 72%
Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California California 9,806 50% 3%
Chignik Bay Tribal Council Alaska 91 0% 0%
Chignik Lake Village Alaska 73 0% 0%
Chilkat Indian Village (Klukwan)* Alaska 2,602 93% 0%
Chilkoot Indian Association (Haines) Alaska 442 0% 0%
Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin)* Alaska 330 0% 0%
Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana* Montana 17,722 97% 0%
Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana Louisiana 12,583 79% 17%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma* Arkansas 91,755 82% 55%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 301,223 42% 29%
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma* Texas 24,889 50% 38%
Chuloonawick Native Village* Alaska 577 0% 0%
Circle Native Community* Alaska 144 0% 0%
Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 258,305 80% 54%
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona* Arizona 143,376 93% 0%
Coeur D'Alene Tribe Idaho 38,136 57% 0%
Coeur D'Alene Tribe Washington 3,316 0% 0%
Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California California 2,604 98% 0%
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California Arizona 15,471 65% 46%
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California California 25,975 60% 60%
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 288,213 76% 38%
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma* Texas 52,307 70% 43%
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation Montana 63,368 66% 0%
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation Washington 137,898 67% 1%
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon Oregon 64,215 95% 3%
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation Washington 39,510 92% 0%
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation* Washington 55,829 70% 24%
Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians* Oregon 58,274 96% 56%
Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Nevada and Utah Utah 1,704 78% 78%
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon Oregon 5,032 71% 29%
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Oregon 26,892 86% 63%
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon* Oregon 60,671 82% 19%
Coquille Indian Tribe* Oregon 53,255 93% 70%
Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California California 5,992 0% 0%
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana Louisiana 13,713 55% 52%
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians Oregon 74,194 94% 81%
Coyote Valley Reservation* California 6,032 80% 0%
Craig Tribal Association* Alaska 1,920 0% 0%
Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota* South Dakota 29,874 94% 54%
Crow Tribe of Montana* Montana 57,788 80% 0%
Crow Tribe of Montana* Wyoming 29,519 86% 28%
Curyung Tribal Council* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone Tribe California 445 0% 0%
Death Valley Timbi-sha Shoshone Tribe Nevada 1,317 52% 0%
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 94,666 73% 38%
Douglas Indian Association* Alaska 29,164 99% 0%
Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California California 2,014 47% 0%
Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation, Nevada Nevada 158 0% 0%
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians North Carolina 60,263 57% 12%
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma* Missouri 5,997 87% 0%
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 21,663 94% 83%
Egegik Village Alaska 109 0% 0%
Eklutna Native Village Alaska 9,211 98% 0%
Ekwok Village* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California California 19,332 97% 0%
Elk Valley Rancheria, California California 24,528 99% 0%
Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada Nevada 7,606 0% 0%
Emmonak Village* Alaska 762 0% 0%
Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California* California 30,643 89% 0%
Evansville Village (aka Bettles Field) Alaska 30 0% 0%
Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California* California 17,403 89% 68%
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota South Dakota 3,448 71% 68%
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin* Wisconsin 57,833 91% 51%
Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana* Montana 9,599 95% 0%
Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California California 214 0% 0%
Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians of the Fort Independence Reservation, California California 719 78% 78%
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon* Nevada 16,207 0% 0%
Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes of the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation, Nevada and Oregon* Oregon 573 45% 0%
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona* Arizona 63,314 95% 0%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada* Arizona 56,255 90% 88%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada* California 5,321 0% 0%
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada* Nevada 7,546 99% 96%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma* New Mexico 23,222 68% 0%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 288,213 76% 38%
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma* Texas 52,307 70% 43%
Galena Village (aka Louden Village) Alaska 470 0% 0%
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 585,788 89% 0%
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan Michigan 24,082 85% 0%
Greenville Rancheria California 1,899 0% 0%
Grindstone Indian Rancheria of Wintun-Wailaki Indians of California California 604 0% 0%
Guidiville Rancheria of California* California 31,808 90% 0%
Gulkana Village* Alaska 605 74% 0%
Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, California* California 2,557 73% 0%
Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan Michigan 6,265 58% 10%
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 3,114 0% 0%
Healy Lake Village* Alaska 5,011 3% 0%
Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin Minnesota 9,467 93% 90%
Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin Wisconsin 201,829 79% 18%
Hoh Indian Tribe* Washington 6,261 44% 0%
Holy Cross Village* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Hoonah Indian Association Alaska 777 0% 0%
Hoopa Valley Tribe, California* California 5,843 0% 0%
Hopi Tribe of Arizona* Arizona 65,320 13% 13%
Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, California California 1,507 0% 0%
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Maine 10,787 88% 28%
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 33,277 69% 60%
Hughes Village Alaska 78 0% 0%
Huslia Village* Alaska 277 0% 0%
Hydaburg Cooperative Association* Alaska 1,920 0% 0%
Igiugig Village* Alaska 434 0% 0%
Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California* California 3,440 57% 9%
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska* Kansas 5,244 78% 71%
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska* Nebraska 5,466 100% 0%
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 51,840 52% 26%
Iqurmuit Traditional Council* Alaska 329 0% 0%
Ivanoff Bay Village Alaska 7 0% 0%
Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California California 7,164 74% 0%
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe Washington 26,856 92% 0%
Jamul Indian Village of California* California 8,624 84% 7%
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians Louisiana 14,222 14% 14%
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico* Colorado 11,446 48% 0%
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico* New Mexico 13,350 32% 0%
Kaguyak Village* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona Arizona 2,210 66% 30%
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona Utah 5,556 88% 53%
Kaktovik Village (aka Barter Island)* Alaska 1,316 0% 0%
Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation* Washington 26,583 87% 0%
Karuk Tribe* California 14,503 15% 0%
Kashia Band of Pomo Indians of the Stewarts Point Rancheria, California California 401 0% 0%
Kasigluk Traditional Elders Council* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma* Kansas 18,395 91% 0%
Kaw Nation, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 46,693 84% 62%
Kenaitze Indian Tribe* Alaska 15,122 61% 0%
Ketchikan Indian Corporation* Alaska 13,508 99% 0%
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico* New Mexico 55,436 79% 0%
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, Michigan* Michigan 45,302 89% 3%
Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas Texas 53,040 98% 0%
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas* Kansas 15,353 73% 47%
Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas* Oklahoma 82,398 72% 64%
King Island Native Community* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
King Salmon Tribe* Alaska 434 0% 0%
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 288,213 76% 38%
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma* Texas 52,307 70% 43%
Klamath Tribes Oregon 26,849 81% 0%
Klawock Cooperative Association* Alaska 1,920 0% 0%
Knik Tribe Alaska 3,703 75% 0%
Kokhanok Village* Alaska 469 0% 0%
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho Idaho 10,898 27% 0%
Koyukuk Native Village* Alaska 277 0% 0%
La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians, California* California 22,999 82% 55%
La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California* California 6,973 65% 17%
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin* Wisconsin 29,095 65% 0%
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the Lac du Flambeau Reservation of Wisconsin Wisconsin 18,946 68% 0%
Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, Michigan Michigan 1,401 40% 0%
Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony, Nevada Nevada 152,678 93% 0%
Levelock Village* Alaska 434 0% 0%
Lime Village* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan Michigan 21,309 72% 1%
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan Michigan 39,808 88% 38%
Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Tribe California 2,082 74% 74%
Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California* California 5,832 0% 0%
Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony, Nevada Nevada 5,150 0% 0%
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation, South Dakota* South Dakota 27,715 94% 58%
Lower Elwha Tribal Community* Washington 14,755 73% 0%
Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota Minnesota 9,325 84% 0%
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation* Washington 63,596 96% 0%
Lytton Rancheria of California California 112,068 99% 84%
Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation* Washington 3,197 15% 0%
Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria, California California 1,762 59% 59%
Manley Hot Springs Village* Alaska 119 0% 0%
Manokotak Village* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California* California 3,346 48% 2%
Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe Connecticut 13,022 100% 6%
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan Michigan 15,563 85% 5%
McGrath Native Village* Alaska 406 0% 0%
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin* Wisconsin 52,184 61% 25%
Mentasta Traditional Council* Alaska 605 74% 0%
Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California* California 36,659 90% 79%
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico New Mexico 30,432 78% 0%
Metlakatla Indian Community, Annette Island Reserve Alaska 1,460 0% 0%
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma* Kansas 7,519 73% 58%
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 22,805 90% 87%
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians* Florida 117,401 89% 11%
Middletown Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California California 3,413 73% 0%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake))* Minnesota 7,098 33% 14%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Fond du Lac Band)* Minnesota 30,391 77% 4%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Fond du Lac Band)* Wisconsin 9,630 51% 8%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Grand Portage Band) Minnesota 837 97% 0%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Leech Lake Band)* Minnesota 61,813 94% 74%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Mille Lacs Band)* Minnesota 44,637 58% 34%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (Six component reservations: Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake); Fond du Lac Band; Grand Portage Band; Leech Lake Band; Mille Lacs Band; White Earth Band)* Minnesota 55,780 93% 27%
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota (White Earth Band)* Minnesota 34,377 87% 0%
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians Mississippi 148,482 87% 61%
Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation, Nevada Nevada 5,121 91% 0%
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma* Missouri 5,997 87% 0%
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 3,537 96% 29%
Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut Connecticut 49,488 99% 24%
Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California* California 30,643 89% 0%
Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California* California 35,427 91% 88%
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe Washington 202,806 99% 0%
Naknek Native Village* Alaska 434 0% 0%
Narragansett Indian Tribe Rhode Island 8,553 99% 97%
Native Village of Afognak* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Native Village of Akhiok* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Native Village of Akutan Alaska 1,027 0% 0%
Native Village of Aleknagik Alaska 221 0% 0%
Native Village of Ambler Alaska 259 0% 0%
Native Village of Atka Alaska 61 0% 0%
Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government Alaska 4,213 0% 0%
Native Village of Belkofski* Alaska 938 0% 0%
Native Village of Brevig Mission* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of Buckland Alaska 416 0% 0%
Native Village of Cantwell Alaska 231 14% 0%
Native Village of Chenega (aka Chanega)* Alaska 2,348 91% 0%
Native Village of Chignik Lagoon Alaska 78 0% 0%
Native Village of Chitina Alaska 192 29% 0%
Native Village of Chuathbaluk (Russian Mission, Kuskokwim)* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Native Village of Council* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of Deering Alaska 122 0% 0%
Native Village of Diomede (aka Inalik)* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of Eagle Alaska 187 0% 0%
Native Village of Eek* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Ekuk* Alaska 64 0% 0%
Native Village of Elim* Alaska 330 0% 0%
Native Village of Eyak (Cordova)* Alaska 2,348 91% 0%
Native Village of False Pass Alaska 35 0% 0%
Native Village of Fort Yukon* Alaska 585 0% 0%
Native Village of Gakona* Alaska 605 74% 0%
Native Village of Gambell Alaska 681 0% 0%
Native Village of Georgetown* Alaska 14,563 100% 0%
Native Village of Goodnews Bay Alaska 243 0% 0%
Native Village of Hamilton* Alaska 577 0% 0%
Native Village of Hooper Bay Alaska 1,093 0% 0%
Native Village of Karluk* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Native Village of Kiana Alaska 363 0% 0%
Native Village of Kipnuk* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Kivalina Alaska 374 0% 0%
Native Village of Kluti Kaah (aka Copper Center)* Alaska 1,115 83% 0%
Native Village of Kobuk Alaska 151 0% 0%
Native Village of Kongiganak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Kotzebue* Alaska 3,553 0% 0%
Native Village of Koyuk Alaska 332 0% 0%
Native Village of Kwigillingok* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Kwinhagak (aka Quinhagak)* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Larsen Bay* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Native Village of Marshall (aka Fortuna Ledge) Alaska 417 0% 0%
Native Village of Mary's Igloo* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of Mekoryuk Alaska 191 0% 0%
Native Village of Minto* Alaska 119 0% 0%
Native Village of Nanwalek (aka English Bay)* Alaska 9,840 52% 0%
Native Village of Napaimute* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Native Village of Napakiak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Napaskiak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Nelson Lagoon Alaska 160 0% 0%
Native Village of Nightmute Alaska 280 0% 0%
Native Village of Nikolski Alaska 18 0% 0%
Native Village of Noatak* Alaska 3,553 0% 0%
Native Village of Nuiqsut (aka Nooiksut) Alaska 353 0% 0%
Native Village of Nunam Iqua Alaska 189 0% 0%
Native Village of Nunapitchuk* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Ouzinkie* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Native Village of Paimiut* Alaska 480 0% 0%
Native Village of Perryville Alaska 113 0% 0%
Native Village of Pilot Point* Alaska 80 0% 0%
Native Village of Pitka's Point* Alaska 616 0% 0%
Native Village of Point Hope Alaska 678 0% 0%
Native Village of Point Lay Alaska 189 0% 0%
Native Village of Port Graham* Alaska 9,840 52% 0%
Native Village of Port Heiden Alaska 102 0% 0%
Native Village of Port Lions Alaska 197 0% 0%
Native Village of Ruby Alaska 175 0% 0%
Native Village of Saint Michael Alaska 401 0% 0%
Native Village of Savoonga Alaska 671 0% 0%
Native Village of Scammon Bay* Alaska 480 0% 0%
Native Village of Selawik Alaska 841 0% 0%
Native Village of Shaktoolik Alaska 251 0% 0%
Native Village of Shishmaref Alaska 567 0% 0%
Native Village of Shungnak Alaska 262 0% 0%
Native Village of Stevens Alaska 78 0% 0%
Native Village of Tanacross* Alaska 5,011 3% 0%
Native Village of Tanana* Alaska 119 0% 0%
Native Village of Tatitlek* Alaska 2,348 91% 0%
Native Village of Tazlina* Alaska 1,115 83% 0%
Native Village of Teller* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of Tetlin Alaska 1,535 5% 0%
Native Village of Tuntutuliak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Native Village of Tununak* Alaska 590 0% 0%
Native Village of Tyonek Alaska 373 0% 0%
Native Village of Unalakleet Alaska 688 0% 0%
Native Village of Unga* Alaska 978 0% 0%
Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government (Arctic Village and Village of Venetie) Alaska 167 0% 0%
Native Village of Wales* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Native Village of White Mountain* Alaska 330 0% 0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah* Arizona 214,404 44% 43%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah* Colorado 2,833 32% 0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah* New Mexico 269,570 62% 0%
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah* Utah 9,588 25% 25%
Nenana Native Association Alaska 785 0% 0%
New Koliganek Village Council* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
New Stuyahok Village* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
Newhalen Village* Alaska 469 0% 0%
Newtok Village* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Nez Perce Tribe Idaho 66,600 55% 50%
Nikolai Village* Alaska 406 0% 0%
Ninilchik Village Alaska 1,131 0% 0%
Nisqually Indian Tribe Washington 43,074 97% 1%
Nome Eskimo Community* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Nondalton Village* Alaska 469 0% 0%
Nooksack Indian Tribe* Washington 72,201 93% 0%
Noorvik Native Community* Alaska 3,553 0% 0%
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana* Montana 11,050 56% 0%
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana* South Dakota 9,377 92% 91%
Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California California 3,171 96% 0%
Northway Village Alaska 290 0% 0%
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation Utah 774 51% 0%
Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, Michigan Michigan 25,387 90% 47%
Nulato Village* Alaska 277 0% 0%
Nunakauyarmiut Tribe* Alaska 590 0% 0%
Oglala Sioux Tribe* Nebraska 11,947 78% 10%
Oglala Sioux Tribe* South Dakota 26,396 67% 0%
Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico* New Mexico 27,112 65% 0%
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska* Iowa 6,131 76% 75%
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska* Nebraska 11,623 56% 10%
Oneida Nation of New York New York 14,125 99% 0%
Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin Wisconsin 179,432 97% 68%
Onondaga Nation New York 31,848 98% 27%
Organized Village of Grayling (aka Holikachuk) Alaska 194 0% 0%
Organized Village of Kake Alaska 561 0% 0%
Organized Village of Kasaan* Alaska 1,920 0% 0%
Organized Village of Kwethluk Alaska 723 0% 0%
Organized Village of Saxman* Alaska 13,508 99% 0%
Orutsararmuit Native Village (aka Bethel)* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Oscarville Traditional Village* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 14,904 46% 37%
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 24,763 94% 84%
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (Cedar Band of Paiutes, Kanosh Band of Paiutes, Koosharem Band of Paiutes, Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes, and Shivwits Band of Paiutes) Utah 72,152 85% 19%
Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony, Nevada* Nevada 44,398 95% 40%
Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation, California* California 69,393 89% 72%
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona* Arizona 60,045 94% 0%
Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians of California California 31,590 75% 2%
Passamaquoddy Tribe* Maine 13,176 76% 0%
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine (Indian Township)* Maine 4,631 84% 3%
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine (Pleasant Point) Maine 2,969 98% 0%
Pauma Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pauma & Yuima Reservation, California* California 2,717 60% 22%
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 68,309 47% 18%
Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Pechanga Reservation, California* California 74,110 91% 90%
Pedro Bay Village Alaska 174 0% 0%
Penobscot Nation* Maine 40,666 88% 0%
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma* Missouri 5,997 87% 0%
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 27,431 89% 80%
Petersburg Indian Association Alaska 3,202 97% 0%
Picayune Rancheria of Chukchansi Indians of California California 11,661 2% 0%
Pilot Station Traditional Village Alaska 568 0% 0%
Pinoleville Pomo Nation, California* California 31,808 90% 0%
Pit River Tribe, California (includes XL Ranch, Big Bend, Likely, Lookout, Montgomery Creek and Roaring Creek Rancherias)* California 11,623 33% 0%
Platinum Traditional Village* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Poarch Band of Creeks Alabama 93,947 91% 52%
Poarch Band of Creeks Florida 3,122 0% 0%
Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and Indiana Michigan 27,114 89% 39%
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 49,838 81% 65%
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska* Iowa 3,785 86% 0%
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska* Nebraska 29,462 95% 0%
Port Gamble Band of S'Klallam Indians* Washington 9,297 96% 0%
Portage Creek Village (aka Ohgsenakale)* Alaska 2,603 0% 0%
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation* Kansas 11,785 46% 5%
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota Minnesota 31,302 93% 11%
Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico* New Mexico 25,240 22% 0%
Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico* New Mexico 51,182 84% 0%
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico* New Mexico 205,860 89% 0%
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico* New Mexico 10,036 35% 0%
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico* New Mexico 147,432 78% 0%
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico* New Mexico 34,374 66% 0%
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico* New Mexico 9,708 57% 0%
Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico* New Mexico 30,803 68% 0%
Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico* New Mexico 26,948 68% 3%
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico* New Mexico 48,753 79% 0%
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico* New Mexico 155,666 98% 24%
Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico* New Mexico 57,589 89% 63%
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico* New Mexico 35,394 67% 0%
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico* New Mexico 28,108 68% 0%
Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico* New Mexico 27,727 84% 0%
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico* New Mexico 13,348 82% 6%
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation Washington 203,313 99% 41%
Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation, Nevada* Nevada 48,713 94% 43%
Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point Village* Alaska 978 0% 0%
Qawalangin Tribe of Unalaska Alaska 4,224 0% 0%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians* Kansas 11,428 91% 38%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians* Missouri 43,518 92% 71%
Quapaw Tribe of Indians* Oklahoma 23,925 88% 88%
Quartz Valley Indian Community of the Quartz Valley Reservation of California* California 13,027 17% 0%
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona* Arizona 121,462 97% 0%
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona* California 3,203 28% 0%
Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation* Washington 6,721 41% 0%
Quinault Indian Nation* Washington 9,226 41% 0%
Ramona Band of Cahuilla, California* California 6,395 70% 0%
Rampart Village Alaska 24 0% 0%
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin Wisconsin 2,478 85% 0%
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota* Minnesota 47,432 86% 74%
Redding Rancheria, California California 56,706 82% 0%
Redwood Valley or Little River Band of Pomo Indians of the Redwood Valley Rancheria California* California 7,799 63% 0%
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada* California 160 31% 0%
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, Nevada* Nevada 245,866 98% 66%
Resighini Rancheria, California* California 1,373 0% 0%
Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation, California* California 21,536 87% 59%
Robinson Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians, California* California 16,486 92% 0%
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota* Nebraska 4,345 70% 0%
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota* South Dakota 24,947 78% 0%
Round Valley Indian Tribes, Round Valley Reservation, California* California 6,031 0% 0%
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska* Kansas 5,473 76% 71%
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska* Nebraska 5,809 100% 0%
Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma* Oklahoma 110,721 75% 68%
Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa Iowa 8,474 80% 0%
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan Michigan 103,096 78% 3%
Saint George Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands) Alaska 102 0% 0%
Saint Paul Island (See Pribilof Islands Aleut Communities of St. Paul & St. George Islands) Alaska 479 0% 0%
Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe New York 22,710 98% 30%
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 337,463 90% 0%
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 42,634 39% 39%
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, California California 113,194 100% 75%
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California* California 72,918 92% 79%
Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California* California 6,395 70% 0%
Santa Rosa Indian Community of the Santa Rosa Rancheria, California California 102,676 91% 51%
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians of the Santa Ynez Reservation, California California 5,255 66% 0%
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska* Nebraska 6,391 58% 0%
Santee Sioux Nation, Nebraska* South Dakota 3,416 71% 1%
Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe Washington 2,129 0% 0%
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan* Michigan 99,962 88% 5%
Seldovia Village Tribe* Alaska 9,840 52% 0%
Seminole Tribe of Florida* Florida 394,246 96% 61%
Seneca Nation of Indians New York 55,452 88% 18%
Seneca Nation of Indians Pennsylvania 21,523 92% 90%
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma* Missouri 11,876 85% 0%
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 28,307 94% 86%
Shageluk Native Village Alaska 83 0% 0%
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota Minnesota 70,227 98% 0%
Sherwood Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California California 13,264 82% 4%
Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians, Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), California California 65,840 80% 38%
Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation Washington 1,792 100% 0%
Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming* Wyoming 45,285 66% 2%
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation Idaho 121,415 87% 86%
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada Idaho 762 0% 0%
Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation, Nevada Nevada 1,026 0% 0%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota Minnesota 2,905 73% 19%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota North Dakota 3,227 100% 85%
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation, South Dakota South Dakota 41,421 87% 56%
Sitka Tribe of Alaska Alaska 8,880 98% 0%
Skagway Village* Alaska 2,602 93% 0%
Skokomish Indian Tribe* Washington 38,394 96% 0%
Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah Utah 10,369 91% 8%
Smith River Rancheria, California California 1,930 100% 0%
Snoqualmie Indian Tribe Washington 12,699 96% 0%
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California California 74,970 96% 88%
Sokaogon Chippewa Community, Wisconsin* Wisconsin 4,141 61% 12%
South Naknek Village* Alaska 434 0% 0%
Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado* Colorado 68,819 61% 0%
Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation, Colorado* New Mexico 22,543 78% 0%
Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota North Dakota 17,580 75% 54%
Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation* Washington 29,906 91% 16%
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation* Washington 36,630 95% 0%
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin* Minnesota 4,940 51% 44%
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin* Wisconsin 26,664 61% 25%
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota* North Dakota 30,280 96% 69%
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North & South Dakota* South Dakota 9,698 86% 42%
Stebbins Community Association Alaska 556 0% 0%
Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington* Washington 88,986 86% 16%
Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin* Wisconsin 4,499 19% 0%
Summit Lake Paiute Tribe of Nevada* Nevada 16,114 0% 0%
Sun'aq Tribe of Kodiak* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation* Washington 43,189 97% 0%
Susanville Indian Rancheria, California California 26,347 50% 0%
Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation of Washington Washington 53,280 95% 6%
Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation* California 68,625 94% 64%
Table Mountain Rancheria of California California 30,324 93% 65%
Takotna Village* Alaska 406 0% 0%
Tangirnaq Native Village* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Telida Village Alaska 17 0% 0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Battle Mountain Band) Nevada 5,358 0% 0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Elko Band) Nevada 23,298 0% 0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (South Fork Band)* Nevada 15,369 0% 0%
Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada (Wells Band)* Nevada 1,822 0% 0%
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation* Oklahoma 961,906 86% 49%
The Osage Nation* Kansas 3,914 24% 0%
The Osage Nation* Oklahoma 192,490 76% 38%
The Seminole Nation of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 115,132 71% 67%
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota* North Dakota 19,297 97% 29%
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona* Arizona 243,431 73% 0%
Tonawanda Band of Seneca New York 16,416 96% 0%
Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma* Oklahoma 34,154 87% 65%
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona Arizona 21,877 86% 83%
Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California* California 69,831 58% 50%
Traditional Village of Togiak* Alaska 891 0% 0%
Tulalip Tribes of Washington* Washington 147,168 92% 37%
Tule River Indian Tribe of the Tule River Reservation, California California 78,807 90% 24%
Tuluksak Native Community Alaska 373 0% 0%
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe Louisiana 15,626 16% 1%
Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California California 3,898 90% 0%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota* Montana 22,473 88% 0%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota* North Dakota 46,755 94% 75%
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota* South Dakota 535 70% 0%
Tuscarora Nation New York 69,874 100% 0%
Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California* California 126,821 97% 59%
Twin Hills Village* Alaska 891 0% 0%
Ugashik Village* Alaska 80 0% 0%
Umkumiut Native Village* Alaska 590 0% 0%
United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California California 48,580 93% 83%
Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota Minnesota 4,166 72% 0%
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe Washington 43,122 93% 0%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah Colorado 3,787 61% 0%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah Utah 81,997 89% 7%
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah Wyoming 14,579 87% 86%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah* Arizona 306 0% 0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah* Colorado 23,580 57% 0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah* New Mexico 59,319 72% 0%
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah* Utah 7,326 32% 32%
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe of the Benton Paiute Reservation, California* California 14,134 93% 92%
Village of Alakanuk Alaska 677 0% 0%
Village of Anaktuvuk Pass Alaska 324 0% 0%
Village of Aniak* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Village of Atmautluak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Village of Bill Moore's Slough* Alaska 762 0% 0%
Village of Chefornak* Alaska 7,632 0% 0%
Village of Clarks Point* Alaska 64 0% 0%
Village of Crooked Creek* Alaska 14,563 100% 0%
Village of Dot Lake* Alaska 5,011 3% 0%
Village of Iliamna* Alaska 469 0% 0%
Village of Kalskag* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Village of Kaltag Alaska 190 0% 0%
Village of Kotlik* Alaska 577 0% 0%
Village of Lower Kalskag* Alaska 726 0% 0%
Village of Ohogamiut* Alaska 329 0% 0%
Village of Old Harbor* Alaska 12,899 91% 0%
Village of Red Devil* Alaska 14,563 100% 0%
Village of Salamatoff* Alaska 15,122 61% 0%
Village of Sleetmute* Alaska 14,563 100% 0%
Village of Solomon* Alaska 4,038 0% 0%
Village of Stony River* Alaska 14,563 100% 0%
Village of Wainwright Alaska 556 0% 0%
Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation, Nevada* Nevada 33,449 68% 52%
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) Massachusetts 1,177 99% 0%
Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches) California 1,067 0% 0%
Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California (Carson Colony, Dresslerville Colony, Woodfords Community, Stewart Community, & Washoe Ranches) Nevada 94,387 94% 21%
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona* Arizona 67,982 58% 57%
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma* Oklahoma 94,666 73% 38%
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska* Iowa 2,346 73% 69%
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska* Nebraska 13,032 57% 0%
Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada* Nevada 16,114 0% 0%
Wiyot Tribe, California* California 1,739 73% 69%
Wrangell Cooperative Association Alaska 2,338 91% 0%
Wyandotte Nation* Missouri 5,997 87% 0%
Wyandotte Nation* Oklahoma 24,763 94% 84%
Yakutat Tlingit Tribe Alaska 662 0% 0%
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota* Nebraska 1,970 80% 0%
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota* South Dakota 14,465 54% 0%
Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona Arizona 20,454 83% 82%
Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe Arizona 37,708 97% 97%
Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch, Nevada* Nevada 7,931 0% 0%
Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, California* California 6,885 31% 5%
Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, Nevada Nevada 550 0% 0%
Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas Texas 147,668 98% 43%
Yupiit of Andreafski* Alaska 616 0% 0%
Yurok Tribe of the Yurok Reservation, California* California 5,882 0% 0%
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico* Arizona 9,415 1% 0%
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico* New Mexico 16,218 27% 0%

*Denotes a Tribe that shares at least one zip code with another Tribe. In these cases, 100% of the zip’s population and access is attributed to every Tribe present for their calculation.

(1) POPULATION is the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present

(2) % ACCESS TO WIRED BROADBAND is the percent of the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present that have access to Cable, DSL, or Fiber internet of at least 25 mbps download and 3 mbps upload

(3) % ACCESS TO LOW PRICED WIRED BROADBAND is the percent of the total population of all zip codes in which a Tribe is present that have access to a standalone wired broadband plan that is priced at $60 or less per month on the regular monthly rate.

The Tribal Divide

Lack of infrastructure in tribal communities has been an issue since the earliest days of the internet. In 2018, the Government Accountability Office recognized this, stating that over the past decade, the FCC “has done little to promote and support tribes’ access” to crucial telecommunications spectrum.

With no tangible help on the horizon, some communities have been taking matters into their own hands. In early 2020, a group gathered in Pu’uhonua o Waimanalo, a small Native Hawaiian community on the island of O’ahu in Hawaii. Internet connection was so lacking here that parents reportedly had to take their children to a nearby town to use the Wi-Fi at McDonald’s. The group put together a plan, and worked with the Hawaiian government to establish a community broadband network.

Tribal Access & COVID-19

For many tribal residents, access to a reliable broadband connection has been a critical link to America’s healthcare system over the past six months. Government and health official resources and telehealth services have been essential in combating the rampant coronavirus outbreak in the U.S., but with so many in tribal communities unable to access the internet, the growing digital divide has a profound impact on underserved communities.

On February 3rd, the FCC opened a historic 180-day tribal priority window, allowing native nations to apply for the ability to license small sections of spectrum for the first time ever. This spectrum allocation could ostensibly be used to establish community networks in states that allow them, as well as make it easier for residents in these areas to convince private providers to finally serve them.

Additionally, in late July, U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Congresswoman Deb Haaland (D-N.M.) announced a landmark bill that “would affirm Tribal Nations’ and Native Hawaiian organizations’ ownership of broadband spectrum over their lands to deploy wireless internet services.” This is a tangible step in the right direction, but still, much more remains to be done.

The Path Forward

In order to ensure the deployment of robust broadband across all of America’s tribal lands, the FCC must commit to a sustainable, concerted effort to incentivize service and infrastructure development within them. This was vital before the pandemic, and now, it is absolutely crucial to the continued health and safety of some of our most vulnerable citizens.

In the past, native communities have suffered immense tragedies due to a lack of critical infrastructure and aid. During the 1918 flu, these areas were affected four times more than the general population, according to a 2014 study published in American Indian Quarterly. At least 3,200 native Americans died, including 72 of 80 residents at the Inupiat village of Brevig Mission, Alaska.

To prevent history from repeating itself, we must act quickly to provide crucial communications and telehealth aid to communities who need it the most. This means repealing laws that block municipal networks, establishing a sustainable spectrum licensing system for tribal communities, and promoting nascent technologies like low-Earth orbit broadband in areas where physical infrastructure is impractical.

It is the shared responsibility of all Americans to ensure that the digital divide is closed, and affordable, equitable broadband is available to everyone.

About the Data

Broadband availability and pricing comes from BroadbandNow’s robust coverage and plan dataset that is constantly monitored and updated. Plans considered in this study were active in Q2 and July 2020.

Data is based on broadband availability at the zip code level, summarized to the state. Tribal zip codes were identified based on the Zip Code to Tribal Lands Feature Layer by NCCGeoPlatform from the US EPA Office of Environmental Information. When looking at State and National level stats, as long as a zip code contained at least one Tribe, it was considered Tribal.

When exploring Tribe specific stats, for each tribe we measured the availability of broadband and affordable broadband in every zip that a Tribe was located, even if other Tribes also have a presence in a zip. In these cases where zip codes are shared, the zip code’s full population and broadband access data is allocated in its entirety to each tribe with a presence in that zip. Thus the population and the populations with access to broadband and affordable broadband are the aggregated result of all zip codes associated with a given tribe.

We are always looking to improve the granularity and accuracy of our datasets. If you have anything to contribute, please do not hesitate to reach out to us.

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